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浅谈火灾探测器的设置、验收及维护


HUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGSHISHEZHIZAIJIANZHUNEIDEZIDONGHUACHENGDUXIANGDANGGAODEHUOZAIZAOQITANCEKONGZHIXITONG。HUOZAITANCEQISHIGOUCHENGHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGDEHEXINBUJIAN。TASHIHUOZAIZIDONGTANCEXITONGDECHUANGANBUFEN,NENGCHANSHENGBINGZAIXIANCHANGFACHUHUOZAIBAOJINGXINHAO,HUOXIANGKONGZHIHEZHISHISHEBEIFACHUXIANCHANGHUOZAIZHUANGTAIXINHAODEZHUANGZHI。YINCIKEYIXINGXIANGDICHENGHUOZAITANCEQIWEI“XIAOFANGSHAOBING”。TADEGONGZUOZHUANGTAIHAOHUAIJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHENGGEFANGZAIXITONGDEYUNXING。

 

  MUQIAN,GEDAZHONGJIANZHUJIGONGGONGCHANGSUODUOYIANZHUANGHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONG,YONGYIYUFANGHUOZAISHIGUDEFASHENG。DANZAISHIJISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGBAOLUCHUDEWENTIYERIYITUCHU。YIFANGMIAN,SHENGCHANHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGDECHANGSHANGZHONGDUO,QICHANPINSHIJIZHILIANGCANCHABUQI,TUCHUXIANXIANGSHISHIJISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGWUBAOLVJIGUZHANGLVJIAOGAO,SHOUHOUWEIHUFUWUBUJISHIHUOBUWANSHAN,SHIYIANZHUANGDEXIAOFANGSHEBEIQIBUDAOHUOZAIBAOJINGZUOYONG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,BUFENSHIYONGDANWEIDEGUANLIRENYUANXIAOFANGYISHIDANBO,BUZHONGSHIHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGDEYUNYONG、SHIYONGYUWEIHU。

 

  GONGANBUHUITONGYOUGUANBUMENGONGTONGZHIDINGDE《HUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGSHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUIFAN》BUJINWEIANZHUANGSHIYONGDENGBUMENTIGONGLEYIGEQUANGUOTONGYIDEKEXUEHELIDEJISHUBIAOZHUN,YEWEIGONGANXIAOFANGBUMENTIGONGLEYIGEZHENGGUIHUAGUANLIDEJISHUYIJU。GAIGUIFANMINGQUEGUIDINGLEHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGDESHIGONG,BIXUSHOUGONGANXIAOFANGJIANDUJIGOUJIANDU,XITONGZAIJIAOFUSHIYONGQIANBIXUJINGGUOGONGANXIAOFANGJIANDUJIGOUYANSHOU。

 

  BENRENJIEHEZISHENSHIJIGONGZUOHEXUEXIZHONGDETIHUI,DUIHUOZAITANCEQIDESHEZHI、YANSHOUJIWEIHUZUORUXIATANTAO:

 

  YI、SHEZHIHUOZAITANCEQIDEZHUYISHIXIANG

 

  (1)YINGFUHE《HUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGSHEJIGUIFAN》HEGUOJIAYOUGUANBIAOZHUN、GUIFANDEGUIDING;

 

  (2)ZAIDUISHEZHIDETANCEQILEJIEJIBENYUANLIDEQINGKUANGXIA,BUZHISHIYINGMANZUKEXUEHELI、ANQUANKEKAO、BIANYUZHENGCHANGYUNXINGJIANCHA、JIANYANHESHIYONGWEIHU,ZAIBUBIANWEIXIU、SHIYONGDECHANGSUO(ZHONGDIANBUWEICHUWAI)HUOBUNENGYOUXIAOTANCEHUOZAIDECHANGSUO(RUCESUO、YUSHIDENG)KEBUSHEHUOZAITANCEQI;

 

  (3)RUGUODUITANCEQISHEZHIWEIZHIMEIYOUBAWO,BIYAOSHIKEZUOMONISHIYAN,QUEDINGANZHUANGWEIZHIHUOKAOLVQITAXIAOFANGCUOSHI;

 

  (4)SHEZHITANCEQIYINGBIMIANWUBAO,JUTIYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

 

  (a)GANWENTANCEQIBUYINGANZHUANGZAIYOUYUTIANRANHUOGONGZUOREYUANSHIDETANCEQIZHOUWEIKENENGDADAOTANCEQIRONGYIYINQIWUBAODEWENDU。YINCI,ZAIANZHUANGSHIYINGZHUYIBIMIANTANCEQIZHIJIEJIESHOUTAIYANGFUSHEDEKENENGXING,YINGKAOLVCHANGSUOCUNZAIDENENGGOUFACHUREFUSHE、REKONGQIHUOREZHENGQIDENGXIANCHANGSHEBEI,BINGCAIQUYUFANGCUOSHI。

 

  (b)ZAIKONGQILIUDONGXINGDADEDIAIFANGJIANZHONG,FEIYANGDEHUICHENRONGYIJINRUGANYANTANCEQIZHONGZAOCHENGJIAHUOJING。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,YINGDUITANCEQICAIQUFUJIADEBAOHUCUOSHI,LIRUCAIYONGSHIDANGDEPINGBIJINXINGTESHUANZHUANG。

 

  (c)ZAIGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGYANHUOLEISIDEQIRONGJIAONENGGOUDAOZHITANCEQIWUDONGZUO。YINCI,YINGZHUYIBUBAGANYANTANCEQIANZHUANGZAIKENENGZAOCHENGQIRONGJIAOJIJUGONGZUOCHANGSUOHESHEBEIBUWEISHANG。

 

  (d)HONGWAIGUANGSHUGANYANTANCEQIYINGBIMIANQIANGLIEDERIGUANGHUOHONGWAIGUANGFUSHEYUANZUOYONG,ANZHUANGDEFASHEQIHEJIESHOUQIBIXUGUDINGZHU,BUDESONGDONG,YINGBIMIANJULIEDIZHENDONG,ZAIGUANGSHUZHOUXIANSHANGYINGBIKAIGUDINGZHEDANGWUHELIUDONGZHEDANGWU。

 

  (e)HUOYANTANCEQIYOUYUWAIBUDEGANRAOZUOYONG,KENENGYINQIWUBAO,YOUBIYAOCAIQUCUOSHI,LIRUANZHUANGZHEBANHUOHUBAN,BAOHUHUOYANTANCEQIMIANSHOUGANRAOGUANGXIANDEZUOYONG。

 

  ER、HUOZAITANCEQIDEYANSHOUZHUYISHIXIANG

 

  HUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGYINGGENJUGUOJIAXIANXINGDEYOUGUANFAGUI,YOUJUYOUDUIXIAOFANGXITONGJIANCEZIZHIDEZHONGJIEJIGOUJINXINGXITONGXINGNENGJIANCE,ZAIQUDEJIANCESHUJUBAOGAOHOU,XIANGDANGDIGONGANXIAOFANGJIGOUZHUGUANBUMENTIQINGYANSHOU。HUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGDEJUNGONGYANSHOU,YINGZAIGONGANXIAOFANGJIANDUJIGOUJIANDUXIA,YOUJIANSHEDANWEIZHUCHI,SHEJI、SHIGONG、DIAOSHIDENGDANWEICANJIAGONGTONGJINXING。

 

  ZAIYANSHOUQIAN,JIANSHEDANWEIYINGXIANGGONGANXIAOFANGJIANDUJIGOUTIJIAOYANSHOUSHENBAOBIAO,BINGFUXIALIEJISHUWENJIAN:(YI)XITONGJUNGONGBIAO;(ER)XITONGJUNGONGTU;(SAN)SHIGONGJILU(BAOKUOGONGCHENGYANSHOUJILU);(SI)DIAOSHIBAOGAO;(WU)GUANLI、WEIHURENYUANDENGJIBIAO。YANSHOUQIAN,GONGANXIAOFANGJIANDUJIGOUYINGJINXINGSHIGONGZHILIANGFUCHA,FUCHADEZHUYAONEIRONGSHIHUOZAITANCEQIDELEIXING、XINGHAO、SHIYONGCHANGSUO、ANZHUANGGAODU、BAOHUBANJING、BAOHUMIANJIHETANCEQIDEJIANJUDENG。

 

  ZAIJINXINGYANSHOUSHI,YINGANXIALIEYAOQIUJINXINGMONIHUOZAIXIANGYINGSHIYANHEGUZHANGBAOJINGCHOUYAN:

 

  (1)SHIJIANZHUANGSHULIANGZAI100ZHIYIXIAZHE,CHOUYAN10ZHI,SHIJIANZHUANGSHULIANGCHAOGUO100ZHI,ANSHIJIANZHUANGSHULIANG5%~10%DEBILI,DANBUSHAOYU10ZHICHOUYAN;

 

  (2)TANCEQIYINGNENGSHUCHUHUOJINGXINHAO,QIEBAOJINGKONGZHIQISUOXIANSHIDEWEIZHIYINGYUGAITANCEQIANZHUANGWEIZHIXIANGYIZHI;

 

  (3)TANCEQIANZHUANGZHILIANGYINGFUHEXIALIEYAOQIU:

 

  SHIJIANZHUANGDETANCEQIDESHULIANG、ANZHUANGWEIZHIDENGYINGFUHESHEJIYAOQIU;TANCEQIZHOUWEI0。5MIFANWEINEIBUYINGYOUZHEDANGWU,TANCEQIZHONGXINJUQIANGBI、LIANGBIANDESHUIPINGJULIYINGXIAOYU0。5MI;TANCEQIZHONGXINZHIKONGDIAOSONGFENGKOUBIANYUANDESHUIPINGJULIBUXIAOYU0。5MI,JUDUOKONGSONGFENGDINGPENGKONGKOUDESHUIPINGJULIBUXIAOYU0。5MI;TANCEQIJULIDIANFENGSHANDEJINGJULIBUXIAOYU1。5MI,JULIZIDONGPENSHUIMIEHUOXITONGDEPENTOUBUXIAOYU0。3MI;DUIFANGHUOJUANLIANMEN、DIANDONGFANGHUOMENQILIANDONGZUOYONGDETANCEQIQIYINGANZHUANGZAIJULIFANGHUOJUANLIANMEN、FANGHUOMEN1~2MIDESHIDANGWEIZHI;TANCEQIZAIKUANDUXIAOYU3MIDENEIZOUDAODINGPENGSHANGSHEZHISHIYIJUZHONGBUZHI,GANWENTANCEQIANZHUANGJIANJUYINGBUCHAOGUO10MI,GANYANTANCEQIDEANZHUANGJIANJUYINGBUCHAOGUO15MI,TANCEQIJULIDUANQIANGDEJULIYINGBUDAYUTANCEQIANZHUANGJIANJUDEYIBAN;TANCEQIDEBAOHUBANJINGJILIANGDUITANCEQIDEYINGXIANGYINGMANZUGUIFANYAOQIU;TANCEQIDEQUERENDENGYINGMIANXIANGBIANYURENYUANGUANCHADEZHUYAORUKOUFANGXIANG;TANCEQIQINGXIEANZHUANGSHIQINGXIEJIAOBUYINGDAYU45DU;TANCEQIDIZUODEWAIJIEDAOXIANYINGLIUYOUBUXIAOYU15LIMIDEYULIANG。  

 

  SAN、HOUQIDEWEIHUYUBAOYANG

 

  XITONGZAIJINGJIANCEYANSHOUHEGEHOUJIUJIAOFUSHIYONG,YONGHUZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGYINGWEITUOJUYOUXIANGYINGZIZHIDEWEIHUBAOYANGDEXIAOFANGWUYEGUANLIGONGSIJINXINGWEIHUBAOYANG。JUTIYINGCONGYIXIAJIFANGMIANZUOHAOWEIHUBAOYANGGONGZUO:

 

  (1)YINGJIANLIWANZHENGDEZHIBANZHIDU,ZHIBANRENYUANYINGRENZHENTIANXIETANCEQIRIJIANDENGJIBIAOHEJI(NIAN)JIANDENGJIBIAO;

 

  (2)MEINIANYINGYONGZHUANYONGJIANCEYIQIDUISUOANZHUANGDETANCEQIJIANCEYICI;

 

  (3)HUOZAITANCEQITOURUYUNXINGERNIANHOU,YINGMEIGESANNIANQUANBUQINGXIYIBIAN,BINGZUOXIANGYINGFAZHIJIQITABIYAODEGONGNENGSHIYAN,HEGEZHEFANGKEJIXUSHIYONG,BUHEGEZHEYANJINZHONGXINANZHUANGSHIYONG。


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